History of the Restoration Movement

William John Watts
Biographical Sketch On The Life Of William J. Watts

     William John Watts, pioneer preacher in southwestern West Virginia, was born on February 12, 1823, in Pikeville, Kentucky, to William Samuel and Roxanna Ware Watts. Watts was reared in Georgia where he received some formal training to teach school and to preach as a Baptist minister. In the 1850’s he moved north to Boone County, Virginia (now West Virginia) where he taught in a subscription school. He met and married one of his students, Mary Jane Owen, and established a home in what became Lincoln County, West Virginia, after the end of the Civil War.

     Watts served as a preacher for several Baptist churches in Boone and Lincoln counties and helped organize the Cobb’s Creek Baptist Church at Sod, WV. He supported the Confederate side in the Civil War and was forced to leave his home to travel south in order to avoid being killed by Union supporters. While in Virginia in 1865, Watts began attending a revival held by a Church of Christ preacher whose last name was Brooks. Though he initially disagreed with what he heard, Watts eventually determined that he had not obeyed the New Testament teaching on salvation and was baptized by Preacher Brooks.

     Upon his return home at the end of the war, Watts began teaching the “new doctrine” he now believed. While he was successful in converting many people, including his wife’s strong Baptist family, he was soon excluded from the pulpit at Cobb’s Creek. In 1866, he and those whom he had converted established the first congregation of the Church of Christ in the area on Cobb’s Creek. Watts preached throughout the region, helping with revivals, and working in cooperation with others to promote New Testament Christianity. He faced opposition from his former Baptist brethren and was labeled as a “Campbellite” by them. On one occasion, a poem was composed about him and another preacher to belittle their work:

“Watts is a cherry tree, Wiggins is a rose;
Where they got their doctrine, the Lord only knows.
I had an old dog, somebody stole him;
I wish they’d bring him back.
He’s run Watts over the fence and Wiggins through the crack.”

     Watts was barely able to make a living farming and preaching. One time, according to J.W. West in a book entitled Sketches of our Mountain Pioneers (1939), Watts received a sack of biscuits for preaching. But, one of his sons who helped eat them declared them to be the best things he had ever eaten. West adds: “The Watts family did not see wheat flour very often in those days, and the biscuits were a treat.” (p. 259). Despite the opposition of the Baptists, the little congregation survived and grew. In 1877 it built a log cabin in the place where the brethren had first sat down to confer (or hold a council) after Watts’ expulsion by the Baptists, and the congregation was known from that time forward as Council Gap.

     Watts was involved in efforts to establish cooperation among congregations in Kanawha, Lincoln and Putnam counties during the 1870’s. His only extant written communication published in a brotherhood journal was a report in the October 6, 1877, Christian Standard. In that report he discussed the intentions of their cooperative work and wrote: “There are seven congregations that should have been represented in this cooperation, but on account of misunderstanding the design of the meeting, or from lack of energy upon the part of the officers of the congregations, only three sent in their delegates…” The report also spoke of raising money to provide a preacher part-time to evangelize the area.

     William John Watts had eleven children. Among them were twin sons, Jefferson Davis and William Solon Watts, who became gospel preachers. In addition, several grandsons, great-grandsons, and great-great grandsons of William Watts have been ministers in the Churches of Christ, including the author of this article, Louis Watts, and his father, Gerald K. Watts. William Watts died on March 18, 1879, of a stroke at the age of fifty-six. He became the first person to be buried in the graveyard bearing the family name (The Watts’ Cemetery). His gravestone carries this inscription:

”Farewell my wife and children all,
From you a father Christ doth call.
Mourn not for me, it is vain to call me to your sight again.”

     The Watts family was too poor to buy the gravestone, so it was donated by the Masonic Lodge. Though the stone lists him as Reverend William Watts, he never wore or assumed that title after leaving the Baptist church. He was simply a country preacher whose choice of Scripture over tradition enabled the first congregation of the Church of Christ in Lincoln and Kanawha counties to be established. The Council Gap Church of Christ merged in 1967 with the Porter Fork Church of Christ (which had been formed in 1929 by members from Council Gap) to become the Alum Creek Church of Christ. That congregation today has an attendance in the mid-100’s, sponsors local and international evangelism, and remains faithful to the Restoration plea William Watts first brought to the area.


Christian Standard (1866-1917). October 6, 1877. Cincinnati, Ohio: Standard Publishing Company.

Watts, L.K. (2008). A History of the Council Gap Church of Christ, 1866 to 1967. Self-published Document.

West, J.W. (1939). Sketches of our mountain pioneers. Lynchburg, VA: J.W. West.


Directions To The Grave Of W.J. Watts
     The gravestone of William John Watts is located in the Watts’ Cemetery/a.k.a. Owens Cemetery at Sod in Lincoln County, WV. From Charleston, the cemetery may be reached by taking Route 119 South to Lincoln County. Take the Hamlin/Alum Creek exit to State Route 214 South (also known as Midway Road and Yeager Highway) and continue three miles to Sod, WV. At the Sod Post Office, take Timberwolf Trail for a distance of approximately one mile. At the top of a small hill, the road will dead end. A road to the left leads directly to the cemetery (it is a distance of about one quarter of a mile at this point).
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Rev. William Watts
Feb. 12, 1823
Died Mar. 18, 1879
”Farewell my wife and children all,
From you a father Christ doth call.
Mourn not for me, it is vain to call me to your sight again.”


  Special Thanks are extended to Louis Watts, the great great grandson of William J. Watts. The old pioneer preacher had eleven children, the oldest of which was the great grandfather of Louis Watts. He has provided the biographical information, photos of the grave markers, directions to the grave, and portrait of his great great grandfather that appear on this site.