Chronology Of The Life Of Alexander Campbell
Lithograph drawn in 1859 by D.S. Wagner
Signed: With Kindest regards, Forever yours
with hope of immortality, A. Campbell
Note: Wagner signed his name and date backwards
Drawing Hanging In the Campbell Mansion
Photo taken May 24, 2012
Click Photo To Zoom
Chronology of The Life Of Alexander Campbell
Thomas Campbell, father of A.C. born at Newry, County Down, Ireland
Jane Corneigle born, mother of A.C.
Birth in Ballymena, County Antrim, Ireland
Margaret Brown is born
John Brown, Margaret’s Brown Campbell’s father, builds a three story dwelling in the northern Virginia wilderness, the beginning of what is now known as the Bethany Mansion
Selina Huntington Bakewell, is born in Litchfield, England. In 1828 she will become A.C.’s second wife.
His father Thomas (1763-1854), migrated to America (Washington, PA.) – Arrived May 13 – Leaves Alexander to take charge of his school at Rich Hill
Departs for America on Sailing Vessel, Hybernia
Ship-wrecked off Scotland Coast, on the Isle of Islay, one of the Hebrides
Reaches Glasgow, comes under influence of Greville Ewing
Enters Glasgow University (Mem. Vol 1. p.130) The classes he had entered were those of Professor Young, both public and private, in Greek; those of Professor Jardine, public and private, in Logic and Belles Lettres, and Dr. Ure’s class in Experimental Philosophy. French 6am; Greek N.T. 7am; Latin 8-10am; Returning to bathe and breakfast; Advanced Greek and Latin in the afternoons. Professors Young and Jardine had taught his father, now him
End of Nov.
Greville Ewing arranges for family to move to “a more eligible situation in Youngsland, Broad Street, Hutchinsontown” Family stays here until departure to America. (Mem. Vol.1, p,130)
A.C. sails to America
Arrives In New York, USA on ship Latonia, Reads Declaration And Address and dedicates his life to its principles
Reaches Washington, PA
Preaches his first sermon on Matthew 7:24-27
Publishes the “Clarinda” essays.
A.C. Marries Margaret Brown (A.C. is 23 years old & Margaret is 20)
Christian Association Of Washington becomes the church at Brush Run – First meeting in building June 16 (EJW,v1,165)
Leaves home on 1st preaching tour – Returns June 14
Preaches first sermon in Brush Run Meetinghouse = The church begins taking the Lord’s Supper weekly.
Thomas Campbell immerses James Bryant, Margaret Fullerton and Abraham Alters, himself standing on a root of a tree outside the water; these were the first immersions of the Brush Run Church. – Alexander Campbell moves to his father-in-law’s home, assists in the work of the farm and preaches. (Memoirs, vol. 1, page 371 /EJW,v1,172)
Writes memorability of heart examination and formulates his views of church government.
Ordained To The Ministry – in view of impending birth of child sets out a diligent study of baptism
1st child Jane Campbell (Ewing), is born – (A.C. is 24 years old) – She was later married to Albert G. Ewing
A.C., Margaret, Thomas & Jane are baptized by Baptist minister Matthias Luce on the confession of faith in Christ as the Son of God – Leadership of the movement is conceded to A.C. by his father.
Brush Run Church joined Redstone Baptist Association (MH,1848,344ff;Memoirs,1,438ff)
Eliza Ann Campbell (later marries John C. Campbell), born – She is the second child daughter to Margaret and AC.
Brush Run Church resolves to moves as a body to Zanesville, Ohio. Mr. John Brown, A.C.’s father-in-law, in order to keep A.C. near, deeds farm to him for a small fee.
Maria Louisa Campbell Henley – born, third daughter & third child of A.C. & Margaret Campbell
Goes east To Philadelphia, New York And Washington, D. C., To Solicit Funds To Build A Meeting-House At Wellsburg, Securing $1,000
“Sermon on the Law” At Cross Creek Baptist Church, near Wellsburg, Growing opposition in Redstone Association. – Marks the beginning of separation from the Baptists
Thomas Campbell moves to Cambridge, Ohio and later to Kentucky.
Lavinia McGregor Campbell, (later Mrs. W.K. Pendleton) is born. She is the 4th child and daughter of A.C. & Margaret Campbell
Opens Buffalo Seminary, Campbells board young men in their home for the purpose of educating them.
AC challenges a Rev. Mr. Finley, a union Presbyterian minister, to discuss the points of difference; AC receives his first challenge for public discussion.
Second edition to Bethany home complete in view of housing/classroom space of Buffalo Seminary – during the building, the Campbell family lived in the basement.
Walter Scott arrives at Pittsburgh from Scotland, becomes acquainted with plea for Christian Union.
Thomas Campbell family returns to Virginia to assist in the work of his son in Buffalo Seminary
AC writes under the pseudonym “Candidus” in consideration of the “Moral Societies” of the time, breaking their influence. Continues managing Buffalo Seminary and operating the farm.
Amanda Corneigle Campbell is born. She is the 5th child and daughter of A.C. & Margaret Campbell. (AC Mem. 2, p.31)
AC asked to debate John Walker (Presbyterian)
Debate with John Walker (Presbyterian) at Mt. Pleasant, Ohio. Campbell organized church at Wellsburg. A.C.’s first public discussion.
Amanda Corneigle Campbell is dies. She is the 5th child and daughter of A.C. & Margaret Campbell. The 1st child of A.C. to die. – Buried in Campbell Cemetery #56
Mahoning Baptist Association organized in Western Reserve of Ohio.
Selina Huntingdon Bakewell is baptized by AC at the mouth of Buffalo Creek. (MEM v.2,32)
Adamson Bentley and Sidney Rigdon visit A.C. at his home. They remain 2 days. They embraced the teachings of Restoration
Clarinda Campbell Pendleton (the later, 2nd Mrs. W.K. Pendleton) is born. She is the 6th child and daughter born to A.C. & Margaret Campbell.
Through A.C.’s influence Sidney Rigdon becomes minister for the churches at Pittsburg, PA.
John Brown Campbell is born and dies. He is the 7th child and 1st son to be born to A.C. & Margaret Campbell. He is the 2nd child of A.C. to die. Buried in Campbell Cemetery #55
Closes Buffalo Seminary
Admitted to Mahoning Association to thwart plans to excommunicate him from Redstone Assoc.
Beg. July 4
Published Christian Baptist. Spirit. strongly iconoclastic. Objects of attack: (1) missionary societies and ecclesiastical organizations, (2) clergy, (3) creeds.
Organizes the church at Wellsburg, outside the jurisdiction of the Redstone Association; this church was afterward received into the Mahoning Association.
Sets out on 300 miles trip on horseback to Kentucky. Sidney Rigdon travels with him. A.C.’s first visit to Kentucky.
Rode 300 miles on horseback to debate Debate with W. L. McCalla (Presbyterian) at Washington, KY. Growing influence in KY. Jeremiah Vardeman serves as his moderator. – After debate AC visited Mayslick and Lexington.
A.C. published the McCalla Debate
Withdrew Brush Run from Redstone Association and Joins Mahoning Association – Also Wellsburg church is added.
Toured Kentucky – Met Raccoon John Smith & Barton W. Stone – 3 month tour.
Margaretta L. Campbell is born. She is the 8th child and 7th daughter of AC & Margaret Campbell
A.C. focuses largely on the Christian Baptist, beginning the series “Restoration of the Ancient Order Of Things.” Continues to work on the farm.
Walter Scott removes to Steubenville and opens a private school. Memoirs, v.2, p.128 / P.S. Fall moves to Nashville at the request of the church there, Memoirs, v.2, p.142
Margaretta L. Campbell died at 17 months old. She is the 8th child and 7th daughter of AC & Margaret Campbell. She is the 3rd child of A.C. to die. She is buried in Campbell Cemetery #54
A.C. visits eastern Virginia and met the leading Baptist ministers there. They refuse to accept his reformatiory views. His standing with the Baptists becomes more precarious.
A.C. attends the Mahoning Association Meeting Association meeting at Canfield, Ohio - Walter Scott attends with him, being his first visit to the association meeting. Memoirs, v.2, p.163,164
Makes his third visit to Kentucky; goes to Nashville, Tennessee. (1st trip to Tennessee.) This trip was taken for Mrs. Campbell’s health. Memoirs, v.2, p.168
Barton W. Stone begins the Christian Messenger in Georgetown, Kentucky
A.C. devotes every spare moment to the preparation of the translation of the New Testament that he would release in the spring of the following year.
A.C. visited Louisville/Indiana/Nashville, TN – Memoirs, v.2, p.168
A.C. publishes the George Campbell, Doddridge and Macknight translation of the New Testament, with notes and annotations; this publication he called “The Living Oracles.”
John Allen Gano baptized in Georgetown, Kentucky -
A.C. attends the Mahoning Association at Lisbon, Ohio, taking Walter Scott with him.
Walter Scott is elected evangelist by the Mahoning Association at Lisbon, Ohio to travel and labor among the churches of the Association. (Preaches five steps: faith, repentance, baptism, remission of sins, Holy Spirit) (Memoirs, p. 357)
Margaret Campbell dies of Consumption (Tuberculosis) in her 36th year – (One “urban legend” is that she got sick as a result of living in the damp basement during the construction of an addition to the Campbell home eight years previous, but there is nothing historically to verify that assumption. She is buried in Campbell Cemetery #53
Separation from the Baptists. Mahoning Assoc. dissolved.
Daughter Jane married Albert G. Ewing. They reside in Tennessee. She is 16 years old. (Memoirs, p.243)
A.C. married Selina H. Bakewell of Wellsburg, suggested by Margaret before her death. (Memoirs, p.243)
Debate with Robert Owen (social reformer and skeptic).
Margaret Bakewell Campbell (later Mrs. John O. Ewing) is born. She is the first daughter born to Selina and 9th child and 8th daughter born to A.C.
Delegate to Virginia Constitutional Convention with James Madison, James Monroe, and John Marshall. (Memoirs, V.2, p.310)
Began publication of Millennial Harbinger. (Continued publishing Christian Baptist for six months concurrently – Memoirs, V.2, p.285)
A final vote on state of slavery made at Constitutional Convention – Campbell’s western voters were defeated by the stronger representatives of the eastern representatives – Memoirs, v.2, p.312 – Campbell returns home after 2 ½ months in Richmond.
Tour to Cincinnati, Ohio and northern Kentucky, Mayslick, (Memoirs, v.2, p.330)
Last Issue Of Christian Baptist
Mahoning Baptist Association Dissolves at Austintown at the suggestion of John Henry and brethren. AC in attendance along with Walter Scott. Continual annual meetings take place but only in an advisory level, not legislative at the suggestion of AC. (Memoirs, v.2.,p.327f)
Stillwater Baptist Association Dissolves – meeting the Friday before the third Sunday in the month. Continual annual meetings take place but only in an advisory level, not legislative. (Memoirs, v.2, p.329)
Tues. Oct. 26th
Tour to Ohio, Kentucky & Tennessee, (Memoirs, p.330, MH, V.1, p.553, v.2. p.27) (2nd of 7 trips to Tennessee) Preaches in Zanesville, Oh; Wilmington, Clinton County (Meets Aylett Raines, Arthur Crifield and Samuel Rogers); Cynthiana, Leesburg, Georgetown, Frankfort (stays with Governor Metcalfe, whose wife was a church member), Versailles, Lexington (sees B.W. Stone, Jacob Creath, Sr., Dr. Fishback, eats with Dr. Woods president of Transylvania Univeristy), Athens, Nicholasville, Harrodsburg, Danville, Columbia, Glasgow, Bowling Green, KY; then Nashville, TN
Accompanied by Jacob Creath, Jr. Delivers lesson in Nashville, Tennessee. Presbyterian, Obadiah Jennings present. (Memoirs, p.338)
Debate with Obadiah Jennings, minister of the Presbyterian church in Nashville. (Memoirs, p.339ff)
Departs Nashville (Memoirs, p.343)
Series of 7 articles on "Cooperation of Churches" led to organization of “cooperation meetings” through 1830's.
Maria Louisa Campbell married Robert Yates Henley. They have children Thomas Meekins, who was married to Priscilla Ragby. Other children include Jane Caroline, Robert Yates, and Alexander Campbell
AC crosses the Ohio at Maysville, Kentucky (Memoirs, p.343)
Arrives home from southern tour of 1400 miles by land for one hundred days. (Memoirs, p.343)
Published a 12-page tract in MH & in separate tract Exposing Mormonism – Feb. 1831 issue of MH, the pub. As tract. (Memoirs, p.348).
AC makes a 22 day preaching trip through Northern Ohio, preached 18 discourses, baptized 27 people. The main focus was to expose the fallacies of Mormonism. (Memoirs, p.348)
AC attends the annual meeting at New Lisbon, Ohio. Main subject was the support of someone to preach full time, how it could be done Scripturally. (Memoirs, p.352)
Alexander Campbell, Jr. is born. He is the 2nd child and 1st son of Selina, & the 10th child and 2nd son of A.C. (Memoirs, p.361)
By end of yr
AC had spent most of year away from home, baptizing around 200 people. (Memoirs, p.361)
Merger of Campbell and Stone movements, Lexington, KY. / Bethany Congregation established (discussed beg. Memoirs, p.370)
First meeting of church in Richmond, VA, in the capitol building, with 68 members – Thomas Campbell preached the first sermon. (Memoirs, p.363,364)
Trip To Virginia – Arrived at Richmond the 24th. Conducted meeting of 16 congregations from Fredericksburg to the sea. He is traveling with B.F. Hall, Thomas Campbell, Maria and Eliza are with him along with Maria’s new husband R.Y. Henley (Memoirs. p.389)
Arrived in New York – first visit since 1815
Spoke to Skeptics at Tammany Hall, in NY
Arrived in Philadelphia / At Musical Fund Hall on the 29th
Arrive at Bethany after 1700 mile trip
Virginia Anne Campbell (later Thompson) 3rd child, and 2nd daughter of Selina, and 11th child and 9th daughter of A.C.
Jane Caroline Ewing, 22 years old & oldest child of A.C. dies at Bethany. She and family had moved back to Bethany from Nashville, and she developed a bad cold that awaken the disease that killed her mother, Consumption. She left a husband, Albert G. Ewing, and small children behind. Buried at God’s Acre #71. (Memoirs, p.394). 4th child of A.C. to die. Ewing later remarries and dies in Eureka, Illinois.
Hymn Book produced bearing the names of A.C. & Barton W. Stone, J.T. Johnson, Walter Scott printed by Bethany Press. The 1st printing sold 6000 copies quickly, three editions followed, further contributing to unity of movement
D.S. Burnet published the 1st edition of the total work of the Christian Baptist
Robert Richard joins the editorial staff of Millennial Harbinger
“Christianity Restored” – released by Albert G. Ewing & James T. McVay. It was A.C.’s systematic theology explained. Campbell did not like the title. The following editions bore the name, “The Christian System” in 1839
A.C. sets out for Nashville. Daughter, Lavinia accompanies him – arrives 12 days later – Meets Tolbert Fanning – Visits Andrew Jackson at Hermitage. It had burned in 1834, and had been rebuilt. Got ideas for additions to his own Bethany home. (Memoirs, p.399).
Monthly issue of British Millennial Harbinger began appearing in Britain by William Jones – Introducing writings of A.C. to the people of Britain
Sets out for Louisville from
Arrived at Louisville – accompanied by Tolbert Fanning – days ahead through southern Indiana, Cincinnati, and Central Kentucky
Jane Corneigle Campbell, A.C.’s mother, died at the home of her daughter Jane McKeever
A.C. arrived back home in Bethany
John Brown died, Margaret’s father, in his 74th
“The Christian Preacher’s Companion” published – 1st ed.
Building Of Dining Hall extension & A.C.’s Study at Bethany Home – This is according to Historical Marker in front of the Study. However, in speaking with Felicity Ruggiero, curator of the Bethany Mansion, the Dining Hall was started as early at 1832.
In May issue of MH, Robert Richardson is announced as assisting in the editing of Millennial Harbinger, on page 231; A.C.’s name is shown as “Editor” until the end of the year. In January, 1837 A.C.’s name is not shown as Editor, instead it declares “Conducted By Alexander Campbell.” However Richardson is Co-Editor of the paper.
Trip to New England accompanied by Tolbert Fanning & J. Taffe of Wilmington, Ohio. Sent reports of trip to MH under heading, “Notes On Tour To The Northeast”
AC conducted a 4-day debate with a skeptic, Dr. Underhill. Held in the city of Cleveland, Ohio. After debate he traveled on Lake Erie to New York. The debate was on the “ultimate termination of two hopes – that of immortality, and that of eternal sleep.” --Early History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve, Ohio, A.S. Hayden, p.418. (Unpublished)
Arrived in Buffalo, NY, many too busy to listen,
Sued by Dr. William Sleigh for damages caused, “to his faith.” A.C.’s lawyers worked a settlement out of court
Returned to Bethany after trip through NY, Penn., Maryland, he had been gone for 94 days from Bethany having delivered 93 discourses, averaging 1 hour 20 minutes in length, & travelling 2000 miles
In Cincinnati, OH, addressing College Of Professional Teachers on the influence of morality in education. Used Martin Luther and Protestant Reformation as basis of period of Enlightenment and developing the view of morality’s connection with education. A young Catholic Bishop John B. Purcell was in the audience and took exception. Led to later confrontation in debate the following year.
Bacon College begins with 40-45 students in Georgetown, Kentucky, though classes do not begin until Monday, the 14th – A.C. supports in the pages of the MH the following year
At 23 yrs old., Eliza Ann Campbell, (2nd child of A.C. & Margaret) marries John C. Campbell – They have one child, Victoria Huntington who later is buried in Campbell Cemetery - #67
Debate with Catholic Bishop John B. Purcell in Cincinnati, OH
Birth of Wickliffe Ewing Campbell – He is Selina’s 4th child and 2nd son. He is A.C.’s 12th child and 3rd son of A.C.
Lunenburg Letters published in M.H.
Publishing of Christian Baptist, and Living Oracles were published in Great Britain
Tour of the South began – Took daughter, Lavinia. While at Charlottesville, VA, visiting the campus of the University of Virginia, Lavinia meets a young student by the name of William K. Pendleton, later her husband.
Arrive in Augusta, GA – Speaks in area thru the end of year
Sets out for Montgomery, Alabama
Boards the Tapaloosa and travels down the Alabama River to Mobile; Also back home, A.C.’s sister Alicia (Mrs. M.S. Clapp), dies of an extended illness at the McKeever home. Buried near her mother in God’s Acre (Memoirs Vol. 2, page 462)
Arrives back in Bethany – having travelled 5000 miles into the south and back in the course of six months. Went through Virginia, the Carolinas, Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi & Kentucky = preached nearly every day (MH, 1839, p.312.)
Eliza Ann Campbell Campbell (Mrs. John C. Campbell), second daughter of A.C. & Margaret’s dies of a lingering illness in Wellsburg, VA. – The 5th child of A.C. to die. She is buried in Campbell Cemetery #68. (Memoirs Vol. 2, page 462) Another child named Victoria Hunter is buried next to her in #67.
Elegant 5th edition of Campbell’s N.T. was released by Forrester & Campbell
2nd ed. Of “Christianity Restored” released under title, “The Christian System”
Issue of Millennial Harbinger announces a new institution around four area: the combination of the family, the primary school, the college & the church in on great system of education – The announcement of the beg. Of Bethany College
End Of Year
Six-Week; 1200 mile “Excursion” to Kentucky, Ohio & Indiana – Reports in MH, 1840, p.30
Formal existence of Bethany College took place when the commonwealth of Virginia, by act of the General Assembly, granted a “liberal charter” for the establishment at or near Bethany, in the county of Brooke . . .named Bethany College
First meeting of Board of Trustees of Bethany College 9 of the 18 trustees present.
Construction of “Stranger’s Hall” – Because of so many guests visiting the Bethany home. – Included an ornate sitting room with two bedrooms off the rear. Expensive Italian wallpaper added, like what he saw in Andrew Jackson’s Hermitage when he visited there in Spring, 1835.
Trip to Charlottesville, VA for the general meeting of the Disciples to assess the state of the Reformation & promote education – 56 congregations represented
2nd Meeting of the Board Of Trustees – Alexander Campbell formally named president of the college. (Memoirs, p.
Decima Hemens Campbell (later Barclay), Selina’s 5th child and 3rd daughter, & A.C.’s 13th child and 10th daughter. When he chose her name he said, “Augustus Caesar only had his Octavia, but I have my Decima.”
Lavinia marries William Kimbrough Pendleton of Virginia. Their daughter Alexandria Campbellina is buried in God’s Acre - #83
Departs on a 2000 mile to Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky & Tennessee – spoke 60 times. – Returned to Bethany after 75 days – Spoke on Education & Bethany College Specifically - (3rd of 7 trips to Tennessee)
Second Annual Meeting of Board of Trustees of Bethany College
Daughter, Lavinia gives birth to A.C.’s granddaughter, Alexandria Campbellina Pendleton. Called her “Cammie” – She later became the first female faculty member, and considered herself the twin of Bethany College.
Maria Louisa Campbell Henley (Mrs. Robert Yates Henley) dies – 3rd daughter & 3rd child of A.C. & Margaret Campbell. She is buried in Campbell Cemetery #64 -
1st Session of Bethany College – 102 boys enrolled from Virginia, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Tennessee, South Carolina, Missouri, Louisiana, New York, & Canada
Series of 16 articles on “The Nature of the Christian Organization.” Ending June, 1843
Welsh Version of Living Oracles appeared in Wales being translated by John Williams /Campbell-Owen Debate/MacCalla Debate were published in GB
Seven week tour to Kentucky speaking on Education & Reformation principles in general. Report in Oct. MH. P.446-452
Returns from Kentucky, Quick makes his way to Ohio for another trip.
Oct. – mid-Dec.
Tour to the Eastern States – Richmond/Charlottesville, Va then Baltimore, MD, Philadelphia, PA, & New York
1st Tragedy at Bethany College – William Stamps, 17 year old student from Mississippi died by concussion of the brain caused by a fall while ice skating on the Buffalo. He was the nephew of Jefferson Davis – Wrather, p.123-125
The Christian System – published in London & Edinburgh. Dundee Herald Noted: “We hail this work as the advent of better times. No man of his age has done more for genuine Christianity, and no man has been more vilified than Mr. Campbell. (Wrather, vol.3, p.57)
William Pendleton Campbell is born. He was the 6th child and 3rd son born to Selina, and 14th child and 4rd son born to A.C. He is the baby of the family. Of the 14 children, only 7 were living at the time of William’s birth. (Campbell Mansion Family Room Wall Photo and inscription)
18 Day Debate with Presbyterian, N. L. Rice; Henry Clay was moderator. At Main St. church in Lexington, Kentucky
A.C. begins a series of articles, “Our Position To American Slavery”
Tour to the South: Baltimore, MD; Frederickburg, Caroline, Smyrna, King William, Richmond, VA; Wilmington, NC; Charleston, SC; Augusta, GA; then backtracking back toward Bethany arriving on the evening of the 10th of May, 2500 mile trip
Two week trip at end of July with Selina to White Sulphur Springs for a vacation
William Pendleton named V.P. of Bethany College
Tour of the Far West: Indiana/Illinois/Missouri – Reports in MH, Feb/Apr/May 1846: Over 7000 miles total for the year
Lavinia McGregor Campbell Pendleton (Mrs. W.K. Pendleton) dies. She is the 4th child and daughter of A.C. & Margaret Campbell. She dies in her 29th year – The seventh child of A.C. to die before his death. She is buried in Campbell Cemetery #41
At 17 years old, Margaret Bakewell Campbell, (1st of Selina and 9th of A.C.) marries John O. Ewing. She has a child who was buried in Campbell Cemetery – Alexander Overton – In plot #36
A.C. departs for Great Britain, carried a letter of introduction by Henry Clay saying A.C. was among “the most eminent citizens in America.”
Boarded a ship out of NY for G.B. – the Siddons, at sea for 25 days, less than half the time it took to come to America in 1809 – Arrived in Liverpool, England
Entered Scotland on the very day he had departed its shores 38 years before to go to America in 1809
Tuesday, Mr. James Robertson, of the Anti-Slavery Society of Scotland brought a formal charge of slander before the Sheriff of Lanarkshire against A.C. – asking for £5000 in damages
Saturday, at 4 p.m. - A.C. & Selina's son, Wycliffe, drowned in Buffalo Creek at 10 years old – Lived 10 years, 2 months, and 11 days. He was Selina’s 1st child to die and A.C.’s 8th. Though A.C. knew nothing of it until the day he returned to America, he was said to have awakened that morning with a “strange and unaccountable sense of foreboding.” (EJW,v3-p.168) He is buried in Campbell Cemetery #37
Monday - A.C. arrested, taken into custody, placed in “this North Prison on Duke Street, Glasgow’s Bridewell for untried prisoners” within sight of his old alma mater, Glasgow College (EJW,v3-p.169)
Saturday - A.C.’s friends pay his bond, and he is released. “After six days he yielded to his friends, allowing security to be placed on his behalf.” (EJW,v3-p.169)
A.C. celebrated his 59th birthday.
High Court throws out the Robertson case
A.C. in Ireland
A.C. in Newry, County Down, only there a few hours, (Memoirs, v.2, p.568)
Returned to Chester, England for cooperation meeting involving 26 congregations from England, Wales & Scotland
Embarks on the Cambria for home
Arrives in Boston Harbor, receives news of the death of Wycliffe. (Memoirs, v.2, p. 573) See Notes below on April, 1867 under W.T. Moore’s summary on how these events affected AC’s life.
Ann Marie Bakewell, the mother of Selina, died at the age of 77 years, laid to rest in God’s Acre
Same day, Selina’s daughter, Margaret Ewing, gave birth to a son, Alexander Overton – He was pale and sickly
Clarinda, daughter of A.C. married William K. Pendleton She was 27 years old.
Margaret Bakewell Campbell Ewing (Mrs. J.O. Ewing) died of consumption, burial in God’s Acre. It was the same day her namesake, A.C.’s first wife, Margaret died in 1827. She was Selina’s second child to die, and A.C.’s 9th. She was buried in Campbell Cemetery #35 Her son Alexander, is buried next to her.
American Christian Missionary Society organized. Campbell did not attend convention in Cincinnati but was elected President of ACMS.
Tour to the South – Wellsburg, down Ohio R. to Cincinnati & to Kentucky
Returned from tour
End Of May
To Baltimore, MD then to Washington D.C.
Speaks to a joint session of Congress, Washington D.C. On Divine Philanthropy in contrast with Patriotism and Human Friendship, using John 3:16 as text, lecture was 1½ hours
To New York to give first annual address of the American Bible Union – The account of the address appeared on the front page of the New York Daily Tribune
End of Oct.
40 day tour of Ohio, Kentucky & Indiana with daughter Virginia. While in Indiana, Opened in prayer the Convention for renewing state convention – the governor of state and 150 delegates present
Returned to Bethany
Clarinda Campbell Pendleton, 6th child and 6th daughter of Margaret Brown died of a protracted illness. After only 2 ½ years of marriage to W.K. Pendleton. She had given birth to 2 children, William Campbell (married Helen King Austin) & and a daughter Lavinia. Lavinia died 12 days later and buried next to her mother in #42B. Clarinda was A.C.’s 10th child to die, only four left. She is buried in Campbell Cemetery #42A
A.C. attends state meeting in Ohio
A.C., Jr. graduates from Bethany
2 Week trip to New York
Wrote that instrumental music was like "a cow bell in a concert.” MH, October, 1851, p. 582
MH announces that Christian Baptism: With Its Antecedents And Consequents is at the printers, soon released, p.473
A.C. made a trip to Memphis, Tennessee to speak at a Bible Translation Convention, MH, 1851, p.718, MH, 1852, p.57 – Presented lecture on 26th. (4th of 7 trips to Tennessee)
Designs and builds Bethany Church of Christ building
A.C. attended a Bible Union meeting in Memphis, Tennessee. James Challen and Bro. Pettigrew accompany him. (Memoirs, p.593ff)
Departs for Tour to Far West: Missouri to secure endowment for a chair in Bethany College – 76 days away from Bethany, 2800 miles, See MH 1853, reports in first three issues.
Alexander Campbell, Jr. marries Mary Anna Purvis of Louisiana, Memoirs, v.2,608
1600 mile trip to the East through Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania & returning through Ohio
Attended state convention in Kentucky – Speaks on church edification – (Memoirs, p.599).
Left for two Month Trip to Illinois, MH, 1853, p.689, 707, 1854, p.40. Three reports
AC’s father, Thomas, dies at Bethany at just 28 days shy of his 91st birthday. – Laid to rest beside wife who died in 1835, almost 20 years before. Memoirs, v.2,604
AC departs Bethany for Nashville, by rail from Wheeling to Louisville, then stage to Bolling Green & to Nashville, arriving on the 25th. MH, 1855, p.102. (5th of 7 trips to Tennessee)
AC arrives in Nashville, staying in the home of John O. Ewing. MH, 1855,p102
Sunday morning begins his orations in the largest church building in the state of Tennessee to overflowing crowds of all denominations in the Methodist Episcopal church building. Speaks that morning on faith, Heb. 11:1. That evening to overflow crowds on Post-Mortem Gospel. Does so consistently, the next five nights, through Friday night. MH,155,103./ & Memoirs v.2,608,609
Meetings five nights at Cherry Street church where JB Ferguson is the preacher. However Ferguson never shows up. MH,1855,105 / Memoirs v.2,612
Saturday night he speaks at Franklin College. Young women from Mrs. Fanning’s school and those from
Sunday, Breakfast at Franklin College, then to Nashville to fill three appointments that day at Cherry Street church. MH,1855,106
At Murfreesboro speaking at a Baptist College. Memoirs,v2,612
Makes his way home through Hopkinsville where he preaches six days. On to Louisville, then to Indianapolis for two lectures, then home after 30 days away. Memoirs, v.2,612
A.C. comments in the M.H. on Jeremiah Jeter’s book, “Campbellism Examined.” Memoirs, v.2,p612
A.C. translates and submits the Book of Acts to the American Bible Union in view of its addition of a translation update
Trip to Chicago to speak to the American Bible Union
Set out for Canada with Selina & Decima
Disturbance at Bethany College over three students who were promoting Abolitionist propaganda, ending in 5 students’ dismissal. The stir caused national and international notice in the press
Trip into eastern Virginia with Selina. Returns on New Years Day
Attended Wool-Growers Convention in Steubenville, Ohio. A.C. was one of the foremost wool growers in the U.S. He was appointed chairman. Also present was a man nationally acclaimed Abolitionist, John Brown of Harper’s Ferry, Va, who within three years would hanged (Dec. 2, 1859)
Tour Through South To Secure Endowment Funds for Bethany College, attended with A.C. Jr. Reports in MH, p. 309, 502,
Sends report to MH speaking of tour in Illinois, MH, p.704
Bethany College Building Burns – 2 am – A.C.’s greatest sorrow was the loss of the library, of which had most of he and his father’s books, some of which he brought to America when he came there in 1809.
A.C., w/Selina & Decima are in Washington, D.C. He preaches in the presence of President James Buchanan & several of his cabinet, along with many members of both houses of congress; in the Baptist meetinghouse.
Visits the White House to share evening with President Buchanan
To Baltimore, Md
To Philadelphia, then to N.Y
Sets off with W.K. Pendleton to tour the south to raise money for a new college building.
Passes through Danville, KY, Nashville, TN, and on to Mississippi - (Memories, v.2, p.635) (6th of 7 trips to Tennessee)
Cornerstone of New Building Laid – Entire Structure not complete until 1872
Attends and speaks at the annual meeting of ACMS
Tour of the East with Selina
Another tour of the South. Selina with him to Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, & Louisiana. (Memoirs, p.640,1) (7th-last trip to Tennessee)
Tour to the west, St. Louis. Lasts 72 days, returned on December 9, MH, 1860, p.109
AC delivers his Lectures on the Pentateuch. They were recorded by a stenographer, and later (1867 – a year after AC’s death) produced in a book entitled, Lectures on the Pentateuch, by W.T. Moore. See notes below under April, 1867 as to the mental strength of AC at this time.
Delivers regular address as president of the ACMS in Cincinnati, Ohio. (Memoirs, p.641)
Tour of Indiana. Selina accompanies him. 2000 mile trip. (Memoirs, p.641)
Musical Instruments added to worship at Midway, Kentucky
Walter Scott dies in Kentucky of typhoid pneumonia
A.C. travels to Cincinnati to attend ACMS annual mtng.
Publishes his Life of Thomas Campbell, announced in MH, 1860, p.714
Dorothea Campbell Bryant, A.C.’s sister, and wife of Joseph Bryant, died at Indianapolis. She was 69 yrs. Old. Body removed to God’s Acre, Bethany. Left A.C. with one brother, Archibald, and sister Mrs. McKeever, (Memoirs, p.646).
Due to war, MH is reduced from 60 pages to 48. (Memoirs, p. 646).
A.C. makes short trip to Ohio to address Ohio State Convention
A trip to Illinois
A trip to New York – Missionary Society meeting in Auburn. (Memoirs, p.646).
Margaret Ellen Campbell marries at Bethany
Decima Campbell marries John Judson Campbell
Long-time friend William Hayden dies, and buried in Chagrin Falls, Ohio, (Memoirs, p.646).
A.C. traveled to Cincinnati to attend the annual ACMS meeting
29 year old, Virginia Campbell (Selina’s 3rd & A.C.’s 11th) marries William R. Thompson, a lawyer of Louisville. (Memoirs, p.647).
Went to ACMS meeting in Cincinnati
A.C. & Selina make a trip to Louisville
Relinquishes control of Millennial Harbinger / W.K. Pendleton becomes editor
Alex Campbell receives a presidential pardon from president Andrew Johnson for the charges he had incurred as a soldier of the Confederate Army
A.C. preaches his last sermon from Ephesians 1
Confined to house because of a heavy cold
Confined to bed
11:45pm – Alexander Campbell dies at Bethany, West Virginia – Buried in Campbell Cemetery
Lectures on the Pentateuch by A.C. released by W.T. Moore. It was a series of lectures given by A.C. between 1859,1860 that were taken down by a stenographer. There is a biographical sketch that appears beginning on page 9. – On page 38, reference is made to the events of 1847, visit to Scotland and the stroke of the death of his son Wycliffe upon his return, “It is said by those who were near him, that Alexander Campbell never was equal to himself after this stroke; but it was long before the admiring world perceived any change.” See other comments on page 58 concerning AC’s stability in 1859.
William P. Campbell (6th of Selina and 14th of A.C.) married Nannie Cochrane.
Alexander Campbell, Jr. dies at Bethany, WV, and is buried in Campbell Cemetery #290. His wife, Mary Anna Purvis is buried next to him in #291. Alexander was A.C.’s 2nd son, and 10th child, and 11th child to die. He, along with Virginia, William and Decima succeeded A.C.,Sr. in death.
Selina Huntington Bakewell Campbell, second wife of A.C., died in Bethany, W.V. She had survived her husband 31 years. She is buried next to A.C. in Campbell Cemetery #52
Virginia A. Campbell Thompson dies. She was the 12th child of A.C. and 4th of Selina to die (1st after her mother died). She is buried in Campbell Cemetery #10
William P. Campbell dies in Wellsburgh, WV. He is the 13th child of A.C. and 5th of Selina to die. He is the only child of A.C. not buried in Campbell Cemetery. His burial was at Brooke County Cemetery in the Cochrane family plot.
Decima Campbell Barclay, dies. She was the last child of A.C. and Selina to die. She is buried in the Campbell Cemetery #33 beside her husand John Judson Barclay in #34. All their children and their mates were buried there as well.
Sources: Christian Baptist, Millennial Harbinger, Memoirs of Alexander Campbell, by Robert Richardson,
Also, Alexander Campbell, Adventurer in Freedome – Volumes I, II, III, by Eva Jean Wrather
EJW = Alexander Campbell, Adventurer in Freedom – Vols. 1,2,3
Memoirs = Memoirs of Alexander Campbell – Volumes 1,2
MH = Millennial Harbinger
CB = Christian Baptist
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