History of the Restoration Movement

Chronology On The Lives Of
Robert Haldane
And His Brother,
James Alexander Haldane

Colonel James Haldane, grandfather of Robert and James served in the squadron of Royal Horse, now known as the 2nd regiment of Life Guards. (c.1, p.10)

15 December 1762
Captain James Haldane, father of Robert & James married his first cousin, Katherine, daughter of Alexander Duncan, of Lundie, and Helen Haldane, commonly called, Lady Lundie, by the courtesy of Scotland then allowed to the wife of a minor baron. (c.1, p.10)

28 February 1764
Robert Haldane was born on the 28th of February, 1764, in his father's house, on the north side of Queen Ann-street, Cavendish-square, London. (c.1 p.1)

Helen Haldane was born in 1764, the daughter of Captain James and Katherine Haldane, who died in childhood. (c.1, p.10)

30 June 1768
Father, Captain James Haldane, on the eve of being elected an East India Director died after an inflamed sore-throat let to a violent fever. He died while on a visit to the home of his father-in-law, at the old house of Lundie, (now Camperdown), near Dundee. Buried at Lundie. (c.1,p.12)

14 July 1768
James Alexander Haldane, was born at Dundee, on the 14th of July, 1768, within a fortnight after his father's death. (c.1,p.1)

Katherine Haldane dies of an attack of illness commencing with a cold which she caught when on a visit at Ferntower, near Crieff. Burial next to husband at Lundie. Robert is 10, Helen was 8, and James scarcely six, (c.1, p.14,15)

11 July 1776
Robert & James' sister, Helen dies and is "committed to the dust, in the vault of the Murrays, in the ancient and romantic churchyard of Monivaird, which is now included in the park of Ochtertyre, and, with its little chapel, exclusively used as the mausoleum of the family." (at the old churchyard, not the present location of Monivaird church. See fn.) (c.1, p.18).

May 1777
Lady Lundie, Robert & James' maternal grandmother, Lady Lundie dies suddenly.

September 1777
The two boys leave the house in Dundee and go the High School in Edinburgh, where they board with the Rector of the school, the "celebrated Dr. Adams." His house was in Charles St. fronting the entrance into George-square, and overlooking the large mansion with the court in front, afterwards Lord Duncan's, but then occupied by the Lord Advocate, the Right Hon. Henry Dundas, first Viscount Melville. Robert was placed in the 5th or Rector's class, and James, a little more than 9, was placed in third, then taught by a Mr. French. A fellow student in the school was Mr. Greville Ewing, the son of a respectable teacher of mathematics in Edinburgh. Ewing, though 15 months older than James was in his class with more than 100 boys. (c.1, p.19,20)

Robert leaves the College of Edinburgh and with entering the ministry in mind he joins the ship, Monarch at Portsmouth, entering the Royal Navy (c.1, p.22/c.2 p.28). On ship until spring of 1781.

1779-80, 1780-81
James passed through the Rector's class, remaining there two years. (c.1, p.22)

James matriculated into The University of Edinburgh for three sessions under Dr. Adams studying Greek, Latin, Mathematics, Logic, Metaphysics, and Natural Philosophy. (c.1. p23).

Spring 1781
Robert is ordered to the West Indies (c.2, p.28)

James' grandfather Colonel Duncan took him to London, on a visit to Gosport, where James resided five years with his family.

3 September 1783
Treaty of Paris, making the end of Robert's career in the Royal Navy (c.2, p.39)

Spring, 1785
Robert did a tour of Europe. Called "the grand tour," he went to Holland and Germany, to Vienna, and stayed there some time. Then, crossing the Tyrolese Alps, he visited Venice and the chief cities in Northern Italy, Rome and Naples, returning home by Florence, Marseilles, Nismes, Lyons, Switzerland, and Paris. (c.2. p.39)

James Haldane went to sea on the Montrose. (c.2, p.28) Made a trip to East India, was there for a year, and made for Macao, China. Was there four months and started for home, arriving in Deptford 16 Jun 1787. (c.3, p.50). In all, James made four trips to China in his shipping travels, the fourth lasting 15 months. (c.3, p.53)

April 1786
Robert marries Katherine Cochrane Oswald, then only in her eighteenth year, second daughter of the late George Oswald, Esq., of Scotstown, by his wife, the daughter of Mr. Smythe, of Methven, in Perthshire. They were married 57 years. (c.2, p.40).

September 1786
Robert and Katherine settled at "the old House at Airthrey, near Stirling." (c.2 p.41).

April 1787
Robert and Katherine's first daughter and only child was born.

While on a trip to India on the ship, Hillsborough. He got into an altercation with a man who challenged James to a duel. It happened in St. Helena. The other man's gun misfired, and James shot his pistol into the air. (c.3, p.58).

Robert, while living in England, invites a Socinian minister, a Mr. Edwards to spend time in his home where they discussed many Biblical things, such as the trinity. While he considered some of the Socinian views, he never considered himself as Socinian. (c.4, p.91)

18 September 1793
James marries at Airthrey, the daughter of Major Alexander Joass, of Culleonard, in the county of Banff, by Elizabeth Abercromby, daughter of George Abercromby, of Tulliebody in the county of Clackmannan. (c.3, p.64). After the wedding they move to London. (c.3, p.64).

January 1794
James was on board of the Melville Castle when he prayerfully began to study his Bible, and his mind became more and more interested in Divine things. (c.4, p.93).

Early Summer, 1794
James retires from the sea, and settles with his wife in Scotland, part time in Stirling Castle and part time at Airthrey. (c.3, p.73)

6 October 1794
The James Haldanes have their first daughter, Elizabeth. (c.3, p.73)

Winter, 1794
Robert Haldane enters a period of spiritual renewal as a result of the news of the French Revolution. (c.4, p.81,82)

Summer 1795
James spends the summer visiting "of some length to his uncle, on board the Venerable, when the North Sea fleet was in the Downs." (c.4, p.74)

End of 1795
Both Robert and James had arrived at a more convicted and converted place in the walk with God. This they did separately. (c.5, p.97)

January 1796
London Missionary Society is formed with members of the church of England, some Presbyterians & Independents. Among the group was David Bogue of Gosport, England. Robert Haldane of Scotland with a 50L. (C.5, p.99-100)

In 1796, the Antiburghers in their General Synod, had passed a Resolution against the constitution of Missionary Societies, and testified against co-operating with persons in religious matters to whose opinions they were opposed as a Church. (c.11, page 260)

May 1796
Robert Haldane attends general meeting of the LMS. James Haldane contributes similar amount to join the society. It is about this time that Robert has the idea of moving to Bengal, India to live out the rest of his life as a missionary to the "Hindoos." He begins promoting it to Dr. William Innes of Stirling, Scotland (27 yrs old);  his brother-in-law, Greville Ewing (under 30 yrs old); Mr. David Bogue of Gosport, England (47 yrs of age). (c.5, p100ff)

22 May 1796
On 22nd of May, Bogue consents to being a member of the party. (c.5, p.100) The three were to contribute 3500L to the trip and Robert was to contribute the rest for the sum total of 25000L. Benares was the projected city in northern India. (c.5, p.102)

4 October 1796
David Bogue meets Mr. Wilberforce, the head of the East India Company to discuss terms of a potential missionary plant in India.

January 1797
Haldane, Bogue and Ewing receive a letter from George Ramsey, sec. of the East India Directors, declining their petition to move to India as missionaries.

Mr. John Campbell institutes a Saturday School program in Edinburgh. It was a missionary effort as well as educational. (c.6, p.146)

James Haldane and Mr. Aikman pay for 20,000 religious tracts to be produced and distributed. (c.11, p.273)

Spring of 1797
James Haldane makes a trip to the west of Scotland to see if Saturday Schools would be a viable option.

6 May 1797
James Haldane preached his first sermon at Gilmerton. The same day his third daughter is born. Dr. Charles Stuart of Dunearn heard the sermon and called James the Boanerges of the new movement. (c.6, p.150-151).

12 July 1797
Does a tour to the north of Scotland. (c.7, p.155). Writes a letter to Missionary Magazine of his intentions to go to that region to preach. p.156.

14 July 1797
James Haldane preaches at Perth, Scone and Cupar Angus, and then made for Meigle, Glamis, and Kirriemuir, preaching in hospitals, at market-crosses, and in churchyards. (c.7, p.156-158).

31 July 1797
James Haldane preached at Cullen, and Fochabers, a village in the neighborhood of Gordon Castle. (c.7, 166.)

1 August 1797
James arrived in Elgin where the magistrates and ministers did not allow him to preach in the church, so he preached in the streets with 600 gathering around to hear him. Handed out tracts.  (c.7, 166.)

7 August 1797
Preaches to 500 in Inverness, and he and Mr. Aikman make for the Orkney Islands. (c.7, 166.) Events of that leg of the journey on p. 168ff.

31 August 1797
James preaches in Caithness, his first sermon in the yard of the Anti-burgher meetinghouse to near 300 people. By Monday morning he preached to 800, again that night to 1500. The following Sunday to 1700. By Sunday night he spoke to no less than 3000 people. (c.7, p.177). While in the area he continues to preach to crowd in the thousands.

11 October 1797
James leaves Caithness, beginning his journey in the direction of home. (c.7, p.184).

November 1797
A long letter is published in the Missionary Magazine (editor Greville Ewing), by a Mr. Cowie of Huntly, Scotland, who was "familiarly styled the Whitfield of the North." He wrote, "I and several other ministers heard Mr. James Haldane on his late tour; and I confess, though I have been little short of thirty years a minister, have heard many excellent preachers, and laid my hand on many heads, I have very seldom heard anything so much to my satisfaction, and nothing that could exceed Mr. Haldane's discourses. I could even say more, but I forbear. He carries his credentials WITH HIM, AND NEEDS NOT RECOMMENDATORY LETTERS. (2 Cor. iii. 13.)" (c.8, p.192).

20 December 1797
"A Society for Propagating the Gospel at Home," was started in Edinburgh by Robert & James Haldane. (It was patterned after a similar Association started in Hampshire the previous summer by their friend Dr. David Bogue). Their "sole intention is to make known the Evangelical Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ." This was to be done by sending out itinerants, schoolmasters, and others. (c.8, p.193).

24 December 1797
Greville Ewing delivers a "powerful and eloquent sermon" about field preaching and the advent in Edinburgh of "Sabbath-evening Schools." (c.8, p.194).

1797 to 1808
James Haldane writes various Doctrinal and other Contributions to the "Missionary Magazine," chiefly under the signature of "Eubulus"

Early 1798
James Haldane publishes "Journal of the Tour to the North." It rapidly went through three reprints, and thousands were bought and read. There was the onset of the ‘great awakening' in Scotland. (c.8, 195-196).

The Anti-burgher Synod  of the church of Scotland passed a decree against "attending upon, or giving countenance to, public preaching, by any who are not of our communion;" (c.11, p.260).

April 1798
Robert Haldane preaches his first sermon in Dunkeld. Dr. William Innes was with him. He preached in a barn from Ephesians from the first eight to ten verses. (c.13, p. 299-300)

14 June 1798
Second tour begins with James Haldane and Mr. John Aikman to "Peebles, Biggar, Hamilton, Greenock, &c., into Ayrshire and Galloway, preaching the Gospel in all these districts, and finally completing their circuit home by way of Berwick." (c.8, p.200).

16 June 1798
Robert Haldane pays his laborers at Airthrey for the last time. The house had been on the market for about two years and was finally sold to an uncle of Mrs. James Haldane, Sir Robert Abercromby, G.C.B.,  (c. 9, p. 209-210)

28 July 1798
Robert Haldane opens the circus of Edinburgh for the purpose of preaching. Invites Mr. Rowland Hill, "a successful and able preacher of the gospel," from England to open the place. (the building was large, with holding capacity of above 2500 people). (c.9, p.218-219)

August 1798
Within days of opening the circus, Hill is preaching to several thousands more. He preaches at Leith, on Calton Hill to 15,000 to 20,000. He also spoke to 5000 in the cathedral. (c.9, p.222)

29 November 1798
Greville Ewing preaches at Lady Glenorchy's chapel in Edinburgh, "on the duty of implicit obedience to human authority in civil matters, although, in regard to religion, Christians ought only to obey God" On 1 December "Mr. Ewing relinquished his charge, and the communion of the Church of Scotland." (c.10, p.233)

Robert Haldane spends the year in Edinburgh, mostly working, planning and orchestrating his various evangelistic works, the tabernacles in Edinburgh, Glasgow & Dundee, his Seminary, and entertaining and working with visiting preacher. Lives in Princes Street. (c.13, p.301)

London Tract Society Formed

2 January 1799
Greville Ewing leaves Lady Glenorchy's Chapel to teach his first class of students. (c.10, p.245)

January 1799
A Congregational Church (circus church) is formed in Edinburgh with James Haldane as preacher. Mr. Aikman was co-pastor. Greville Ewing authors the plan for its government. (c.10, p.234-235) "The Tabernacle, or Circus Church, having been constituted in the month of January 1799, no less than 310 persons almost immediately signified their desire to unite in its communion." (p.237)

January 1799
Robert Haldane intends on opening seminaries in England and Scotland in central locations to teach 10 or 12 young preacher students. Dr. David Bogue in Gosport, his brother in Edinburgh, Greville Ewing in Glasgow and Dr. William Innes in Dundee. He also intended to erect tabernacles in England and Scotland for the these men to preach in. (c.10, p.223) Greville Ewing's first class opens in Glasgow. (c.14, p.329)

2 February 1799
James Haldane receives ordination as pastor of the tabernacle church. (c.10, p.237) Takes no salary. p.245.

February 1799
Robert Haldane purchases the Circus in Jamaica street in Glasgow at the cost of 3000L and converts it to a tabernacle of worship. He then sets Greville Ewing as minister paying him 200L per year. Very soon after a similar location in Dundee with Dr. William Innes as minister. (c.10, p.244-245)

May 1799
Greville Ewing moved to Glasgow. And is paid 200L for preaching at Jamaica Street Tabernacle and begins a school to train and education men for the ministry in Scotland (c.10, p.245)

28 May 1799
Tuesday, The Edinburgh Advertiser announced under the title, "Overtures from the Synod of Aberdeen, and that of Angus and Mearns, respecting vagrant teachers and Sunday-schools, irreligion and anarchy," that all unlicensed teaching (by the Church of Scotland) of Saturday Schools Is prohibited. (c.11, p.256).

7 May 1799
James and Mr. Aikman depart Edinburgh for a second missionary tour to the north of Scotland. (c.11, p.262-263)

June 1799
24 African children, 20 boys and 4 girls, arrive in England, headed for Edinburgh to be educated by John Campbell, but financially underwritten by Robert Haldane at the price of 7000L. (c.10, p.249ff)

26 June 1799
Robert Haldane denies a charge in an article in a magazine called, "the Anti-Jacobin Review." He was charged with starting a sect "now forming in Scotland for the avowed purpose of sapping the foundation of the Presbyterian Church, as established by law." He was further charged of selling Airthrey for its purpose. All of this he strongly denies. (c.12, p.274-275)

July 1799
James and Dr. William Innes went and preached in the Shetland Islands. At Fair Island on the 10th of July to a group who had not heard any preaching in six years. Having next preached in Nesting, they visited the islands of Whalsay, Skerries, Tettar, Unst, and North Yell, North Maven, Foulah, Scalloway, Lerwick. Left Lerwick on the 7th of August. To Dunrossness, and to several places in their area. Leave the Shetlands on the 18th of August having spent 6 weeks in there. (c.11, p.266-268)

September 1799
The Anti-Burgher Synod of the church of Scotland, excommunicated Rev. George Cowie, of Huntly, who was known as one of the most eloquent preachers of their day "for countenancing the ministrations of what are called missionary preachers, by hearing them preach, and in various other ways." He had gone to hear James Haldane and Rowland Hill preach. By April 1800 the whole Kirk Session formally excommunicated Cowie, one of the greatest Presbyterian preachers of their day. Interestingly, Cowie heard James Haldane in Huntly in 1797, but did not actually go into the assembly where he preached. He merely stood outside a window and listened in. Enough to be expelled. (c.11, p.260-261)

13 October 1799
Andrew Fuller (1754-1815) (English Particular Baptist minister and theologian) preaches at the circus in Edinburgh. Robert Haldane had brought him from England. (c.13, p.298)

Reports on a short trip he makes to St. Andrews in Fife. (c.13, p.295ff)

Robert Haldane publishes his "Address on Politics." (c.5. p.108) Properly, a tract called, "Addresses to the Public." It was intended to put to shame those who had made defamatory statements about the "home missionaries" and their designs. (Further discussed in c.12, p.276) There was a Mr. Pitt who put before the General Assembly a bill designed to make it illegal for unordained preachers to preach in Scotland. If passed, it would have set the reformation back hundreds of years. Haldane's address showed the foolishness of such thinking. (p.279). There is a list of things Robert had accomplished up to 1800 for the good cause on page 297-298.

January 1800
The Haldane's second seminary begins in Dundee under the direction of Dr. Innes. The school meets only one term before merging with Glasgow school in early 1801. (c.14, p.329-330)

9 June 1800
James Haldane begins his 4th summer campaign. This trip was south to Douglas and from there to the seaside town of Ayr, and all villages in between. 3000 to 5000 came to hear him at Ayr. At Stranraer he preached to over 1000. He went to Cumbray and Arran and Kintyre. It is during this journey that his traveling companion John Campbell was arrested in Kintyre for preaching. (c.12, p.280-292)

Summer 1800
Robert Haldane "spent the summer in Strath Bran, at a place called Balaloan, and preached much there, and in Dunkeld and the vicinity." (c.13, p.301).

September 1800
Robert Haldane "was obliged to desist from speaking in public, in consequence of the hoemorrhage in his throat, to which Dr. William Innes alludes." Yet, in later years he did preach a good bit. (c.13, p.301.)

19 October 1800
The Dundee Tabernacle opens with Dr. William Innes doing the preaching and teaching.  At this stage Robert Haldane is underwriting the salaries of 60 students. (c.10, p.248-249)

Early 1801
Greville Ewing receives the 1800 class from the Dundee Seminary into the Glasgow Seminary. The third class at Dundee begins under Dr. Innes, (c.14, p. 330)

May 1801
Robert opens the tabernacle he built for his brother James to preach in. The description of the tabernacle is given. It was built in New Town. Larger than St. Cuthberts in seating capacity from 3200 to 4000 on special occasions.  James preached the first sermon on "ye are the temple of God." He preached there for 50 years. Today the building still stands and is a playhouse.  (c.13, p.302-303).

17 May 1801
Ordination of Mr. Aikman at the Circus in Edinburgh. Conducted by Rev. Mr. Moodie, of Warwick, Greville Ewing, of Glasgow, and James Haldane. (c.13, p.303)

End of May 1801
James Haldane once more goes to the south for an evangelistic mission trip. Goes to Dumfries. After several weeks at Dumfries, he heads over to Ireland. Returning at the end of October. (c.13, p.304, 308).

September 1801
James preaches at several places in Northern Ireland. In County Armagh (c.13, p.305). Preaches on this tour in Rich Hill. Thomas & Alexander Campbell hear him. (Richardson, Memoirs of Alexander Campbell, v.1., p.60)

1802, 1808, 1810, 1821 1840
James Haldane writes Pastoral Letters

January 1802
A fourth class of Haldane Seminary begins at Edinburgh under Mr. Aikman and Mr. Wemyss. (c.14, p.330)

30 May 1802
A new chapel was built in Old Town, Edinburgh, on the street leading to Argyle-square, for the preaching of Mr. Aikman. He had built it of his own money except for 400L contributed by Robert Haldane. He also operated a school there. (c.12, p.303-304)

6 June 1802
Mr. & Mrs. James Haldane's second child, a little girl under the age of six dies. Her name was Catherine Haldane. Her affectionate father published an interesting little memoir, called, " Early Instruction Recommended, in a Narrative of Catherine Haldane, with an Address to Parents on the Importance of Religion." Later translated into Danish. (c.14, p.308-312)

In the year 1802 the studies of Mr. Ewing's second class ended, when the Glasgow seminary was closed, and another was immediately opened in Edinburgh on a larger scale, more under the control of Mr. Haldane and his brother. (c.14. p.328-329)

J.A. Haldane published a treatise on worship. Included in it was the admission of the findings of Greville Ewing concerning the need to take the Lord's Supper weekly according to the primitive churches. (c.16, p.356)

Summer 1802
James and family go to Buxton, in Derbyshire, England. He leaves family there and goes to preach in Macclesfield, in Cheshire,  Matlock and other places (c.14, p.313-315)        

September 1802
Rev. Andrew Fuller, Baptist minister visits Scotland for the 2nd time. (c.14, p.326)

In 1803, a fifth class of the Haldane Seminary was organized under Messrs. Aikman, Wemyss, and Stephens, Mr. Cowie taking Mr. Aikman's place during the second year. In it were Dr. Russell (Dundee), John Watson (Musselburgh), (c.14, p.330)

Summer 1803
Goes to Gaelic part of Scotland to preach. Highland region. Breadalbane, Blair Athol, the region around Loch Tay, Bankfoot, Dunkeld, up to Logierait, Dalwhinnie, Kirkwall, the capital of the Orkneys, to Hoy, crossed Pentland Firth, Thurso, - returned home in September  (c.14, p.316-323)

September 1803
James Haldane went on a brief tour to the south of Scotland and northern England with his wife and Mr. John Campbell. Preached in Berwick, Alnwick, Carlisle, Glenwhilt, Longtown, Garliestown, Wigton, Sanquhar, Ayrshire, Greenock, Auldkirk, Paisley, Glasgow, spent night at the Ewings, and arrived at home in Edinburgh at 5pm on the 30th (c.14, p.323-325)

The sixth class of the Haldane Seminary began in 1804, under Messrs. Wemyss, Stephens, and Cowie, for the first year, but were under Mr. Cowie alone during the second year. In this class were Alexander Knowles, John Black, &c. (c.14, p.330)

Dr. William Innes publishes, "Reasons for separating from the Church of Scotland, in a Series of Letters, chiefly addressed to his Christian Friends in that Establishment." (c.16, p.356)

Summer 1804
James returns to Buxton with his wife and eldest daughter. Then over to Dublin, Ireland. Then down to London, preaching at Manchester and Sheffield along the way. While in London he hears of his uncle's death and finds out he is in the will to assist with the children of his uncle. (c.15, p.343f)
The seventh class of the Haldane Seminary assembled in 1805. In it were William Orme, John Neave, &c. This and the next class were under Messrs. Cowie and Walker. (c.14, p.330)

J.A. Haldane published, "Views of the Social Worship of the first Churches," &c., " a work,", (c.16, p.356) Two editions are released

R. Haldane and Mr. Ballantyne make a journey to England, preaching at Newcastle and London. Promotes Mutual exhortation (c.16, p.357, 361)

Summer 1805
James Haldane goes back to Breadalbane in North, also Blair Athol,  (c.14, p.321)

Spring – Summer 1805
J.A. Haldane and John Campbell make another tour (His 4th tour to the north) Perth, Dunkeld, Breadalbane, Killin, Caithness. J.A.'s last extended tour, although he made several shorter tours over the later years. (c.14, p.345-352) Starts Gaelic schools along with Mr. Stuart, Dr. M'Crie, and Mr. Christopher Anderson, p.346. Mentioned again, when speaking of the death of Dr. Stuart. (c.24, p.593).

Dear colleague and friend to the Haldanes, Rev. George Cowrie, dies at Huntly, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, Buried in Dunbennan Graveyard. (1749-1806)

On the subject of faith one of the most useful and valuable of Mr. J. A. Haldane's practical works is a treatise on the "Doctrine and Duty of Self-examination." It contains the substance of two sermons preached in 1806. (c.16, p.381)

1806 to 1823
James Haldane writes Doctrine and Duty of Self-Examination

September 1806
The eighth class of the Haldane Seminary met in September, 1806. In it were Thomas Smith (Rotherham), Robert Aikenhead, &c. Mr. Cowie resigned the tutorship in the spring of 1808. (c.14, p.330)

James Haldane writes Observations on Rev. J . Brown's Vindication of Presbyterian

James Haldane writes Foundation of the Observance of the Lord's-day, and the
Lord's Supper Vindicated

December 1807
A ninth class of the Haldane Seminary was formed in the end of 1807, and was under the care of Mr. William Walker till December, 1808, when the Seminary was given up, after having sent out nearly 300 preachers. Workings of the seminaries explained. (c.14, p.330)

February 19, 1808
J.A. Haldane writes a letter to John Campbell informing him of his doubts as to the scriptural authority of infant baptism. (c.16, p.359)

April 21, 1808
Writes another letter to John Campbell to say he had been baptized. His baptism divides that Edinburgh Tabernacle Church. Other Independent churches split as well. Within a year, Robert Haldane and 200 more members become Baptists. (c.16, p.359)

End Of 1809
Towards the end of 1809 he bought the estate of Auchingray, in Lanarkshire, 2400 acre estate (c.17, p.383)

1808 to 1809
James Haldane writes Reasons for a Change of Sentiment on the Subject of Baptism. Two Editions

James Haldane worked with those forming the Edinburgh Bible Society (c.17, p.392)

1809 to 1816
James Haldane edits a paper called, Scripture Magazine

Robert Haldane publishes three Pamphlets with reference to the Tabernacle at Glasgow, the Indian Mission, and the Promotion of the Gospel in Scotland, chiefly occasioned by Mr. Ewing's publication

Robert Haldane publishes a 408 page book, and sold it for 1 shilling, giving a minute history of every one of his transactions with Greville Ewing. (c.16, p.364)

James Haldane writes "On the Truth of the Gospel, Addressed to the Jews"

Years after this, Robert Haldane reflected that between 1798 and 1810, he had expended about 70,000 pounds. (c.16, p.367)

Summer Of 1810
Due to his wife's health issues, the James Haldanes go to Harrowgate. Preaches some in the surrounding area (c.17, p.401)

James Haldane takes his two oldest boys for a trip to the Highlands (c.17, p.401)

1811 to 1812
James Haldane writes two Pamphlets, intended to Establish the Duty of Mutual
Forbearance amongst Christians

Spring 1812
James Haldane takes a journey to Newcastle, (c.17, p.401)

James Haldane takes a tour of Carlisle and the south of Scotland

James Haldane writes On the Dignity of the Person of Christ.

James Haldane takes a trip with his wife, eldest daughter, and second son to Buxton, Harrowgate, Wintringham, Millbank, Warrington and visited with Rowland Hill, (c.17, p.402-404)

December 1814
Mrs. James Haldane lost her mother. She was 77 years of age and had outlived her husband by 20 years. Her mother's father, Mr. Abercromby, of Tulliebody, who was born in 1704, and died in 1802. Read more about his four sons and four daughters by his wife Mary Dundas. (c.17, p.404-405)

9 October 1816 through June 1817
Robert Haldane goes to Europe on a missionary tour. He went to Paris, France, Geneva, & Basil Switerland. At the end of the year, he took up his abode in Calvin of Farel, and of Beza. Influences Merle D'Aubigné. p.431.  (c.17, p.383; c.18, p.414-462)

James spent some weeks in Gilsland in Cumberland for his wife's "drooping" health. (c.17, p.406).

Summer of 1816
Evidences and Authority of Divine Revelation, is released by Robert Haldane – 2 volumes. (c.17, p.386)

1818 to 1820
James Haldane writes two Letters to Dr. Chalmers on the Proposed Increase of the Churches in Glasgow. Two Editions

End of June 1817 to the End of August 1819
Robert Haldanes leave Geneva, Switzerland heading to Montauban by way of Lyons. Arrives in July. Begins working on publication of his work on Christian Evidences and his commentary on Romans in French language. Montauban was the center of theological education for Reformed or Calvinistic churches in France. (c.19, p.464-493)

James Haldane writes "Strictures on a Publication upon Primitive Christianity, by Mr. John Walker, formerly Fellow of Dublin College." (c.20, p.508)

Mrs. James Haldane dies (c.20. page 511)

1819 to 1823
James Haldane writes On the Prayer of Moses. Two Editions

A Haldane seminary was established at Elgin, northern Scotland, and ran for several years under a Mr. Ballantyne, and another at Granton, under Mr. Macintosh. (c.14, p.331)

Letter to the Editor of "The Christian Instructor" by Robert Haldane

James Haldane visits Liverpool and then over to the Isle of Man where he preached to large crowds (c.20, p.505)

James Haldane writes Strictures on Mr. Walker's (of Dublin) Views of Faith and Primitive Christianity. Two Editions

Spring 1821
Robert Haldane speaks at Waterloo Rooms in Edinburgh. His friend, Rev. Dr. Campbell of Stirling was present.  (c.20, p.495).

Summer 1821
Robert Haldane makes a trip to London in view of establishing a Continental Society to evangelize the European Continent. (c.20, p.496)

Robert Haldane begins battling with the Bible societies over the inclusion of the Apocryphal books in their Bibles, and over the inspiration of the Bible. Haldane was strongly opposed to the inclusion of the Apocryphal books. And this battle led to a battle to defend the plenary verbal inspiration of the Scriptures. This took place for twelve years.  During this period he wrote his book on Inspiration, and published no less that 15 elaborate pamphlets (c24, p.582)

23 April 1822
James Haldane marries a second wife, three years after the death of his first wife. He marries Margaret Rutherford, the daughter of a botany professor at University of Edinburgh, Dr. Daniel Rutherford, the maternal uncle of Sir Walter Scott. (c.20, p.511)

Winter 1821-1822
Robert Haldane visits prison to teach two men on death row. (c.20, p.502)

1823 to 1851
James Haldane writes The Revelation of God's Righteousness. Three Editions

Rowland Hill revisits Scotland for the first time since his previous tour in 1799. (c.20, p.511)

Letter to Professor Cheneviere, of Geneva by Robert Haldane

James Haldane writes On Musical Festivals and Oratorios. Two Editions

Spring 1825
Robert Haldane publishes, "Review of the Conduct of the British and Foreign Bible Society relative to the Apocrypha, and to their Administration on the Continent; with an Answer to the Rev. C. Simeon, and Observations on the Cambridge Remarks." Follows it up with a tract, "Review of the Conduct of the British and Foreign Bible Society." (c.21, p.523-527)

October 1825
Dr. David Bogue of Gosport, England dies.

1825 to 1833
Robert Haldane prepares various pamphlets on the Apocrypha and Bible Society Controversy, beginning with his first Review in 1825, down to 1833, when his Letter to the Bishop of Salisbury, in Answer to Rev. S. Wilks, was the last of a series of Twelve
James Haldane writes Three Discourses. The Jews God's Witnesses; The Pharisee and the Publican; and the Green Tree and the Dry

March 1827
Robert Haldane's treatise on the Inspiration of the Bible is published. By May, other editions began to be printed due to demand. He deemed his greatest work in life was to set out the plenary verbal inspiration of the Scriptures as fact. (c.22, p. 522)

August 1827
While Robert Haldane is fighting the Bible Societies over the inspiration of the Bible and the exclusion of the Apocryphal books, J.A. Haldane begins a fight of his own with a group of "Irvingites," followers of Edward Irving, a proponent of modern day miracles, tongue-speaking, etc. (c.23, p. 566) Soon after, James Haldane publishes, " Refutation of the heretical Doctrine promulgated by the Rev. Edward Irving, respecting the Person and Atonement of the Lord Jesus Christ." p. 567.

On the Inspiration of Scripture. Seven Editions by Robert Haldane

James Haldane writes Refutation of the Rev. Edward Irving's Heretical Doctrine on the Person and Atonement of Christ

Winter 1829
Late one Saturday night, while at Auchingray, he had just finished writing a tract on the Bible society controversy when Robert Haldane suffered an internal hemorrhage. Next morning he made his way to Edinburgh for medical treatment, thinking he was near death. (c.24, p.587)

Summer 1829
James Haldane makes a short preaching tour through Ayrshire. This was the last tour where he speaks outdoors. Suffers with much throat problems. (c.24, p.593-594)

James Haldane writes Two Pamphlets, in Reply to Mr. Henry Drummond's Defense of Mr. Irving's Heretical Doctrines, and his Supplement

Summer 1830
James Haldane makes a short preaching tour through the north of Scotland (c.24. p.593)

24 January 1831
James Haldane's eldest son, James, dies after a "short, but severe illness." Within a few weeks, he lost an infant son, George-Oswald. (c.24, p.595)

A few weeks after the death of two of his sons, James Haldane wrote "Observations on Universal Pardon, the Extent of the Atonement, and Personal Assurance of Salvation." (c.24, p.595)

James Haldane writes The Change and Perpetuity of the Sabbath

1832 to 1837
James Haldane edits a paper entitled, Christian Quarterly Magazine

James Haldane writes On the Signs of the Times

23 April 1833
James Haldane writes of the passing of Rowland Hill (c.20, p.512)

6 February 1834
Mr. John Aikman (1770-1834) of Edinburgh dies at 64 yrs. old. J.A. Haldane preaches the funeral. He is buried under the communion-table in the chapel which he had built. Fuller obituary info is here. (c.24, p.596-597) (Find-A-Grave)

Robert Haldane enlarges and makes a second publication of "The Evidence And Authority of Divine Revelation." This was a two-volume set of 1026 pages. (c.15, p.598ff)

Robert Haldane publishes first 5 chapters of "Exposition of the Romans," (c.15, p.604)

Robert Haldane publishes second volume of the "Exposition of the Romans," (c.15, p.604)

Robert Haldane writes letters to the Rev. Dr. John Brown, on the Duty of Paying Tribute. Several Editions

James Haldane writes Review of Mr. Erskine's Work on the Doctrine of Election and Universal Pardon

1837 to 1838
Robert Haldane produces two pamphlets " For the Consideration of the Church of Scotland," on Professor Tholuck's Neologian Opinions 1837 to 1S38

1839 to 1840
Robert Haldane write letters to the Right Hon. T. B. Macaulay, on his sentiments with regard to the Ballot

Long time associate and traveling preacher with James Haldane, John Campbell, dies in Kingsland, near London. (c.14., p.325)

Robert Haldane writes letter to the " Edinburgh Christian Instructor," on matters of Doctrine

August 1840
Robert Haldane, while visiting his home at Auchingray, worked on his final revision of the "Exposition of the Romans," (c.16, p.621) completes in 1841. (p.623)

End of December 1941
Robert Haldane leaves Auchingray and goes back to his Edinburgh home for the last time. (c.16, p.625)

June 1841
Final printing of "Exposition of the Romans" (c.16, p.625)

Robert Haldane write on the Observance of the Sabbath, and Railway Desecration

Robert Haldane releases his sixth edition of his book, "Commentary on the Romans,"      (c.11, p.277). (c.15, p.604).

James Haldane writes Man's Responsibility. The Nature and Extent of the Atonement, in Reply to Mr. Howard Hinton

14 July 1842
James A. Haldane's 75th birthday. Writes an annual report for the Edinburgh Bible Society. (c.16, p.626)

Monday, 12 December 1842
Robert Haldane died at his Edinburgh home. He was buried "within one of the aisles" at the Old Cathedral in Glasgow, not far from where he stood 40 years previous to hear Rowland Hill preach to thousands. (c.16, p.634)

19 June 1843
Mrs. Robert Haldane dies on 14 June, is buried six months after her husband, and is buried next to him in the old Cathedral at Glasgow. They had been married 57 years. She was 75 years of age. (c.16, p.636)

James Haldane published a tract on the atonement (c.17, p.643)

Third edition of Evidences and Authority of Divine Revelation by Robert Haldane

Spring 1843
James Haldane suffers a severe attack of gout. (c.17, p.653) It led him to retreat to Buxton with his wife that summer. (p.654)

20 December 1843
James Haldane's daughter Elizabeth dies in Edinburgh. She had been living in London, but came home to die.

James Haldane published "The Doctrine of the Atonement, with Strictures on the recent Publications of Drs. Wardlaw and Jenkyn." (c.17, p.643)

James Haldane writes Doctrine of the Atonement. Two Editions. One vol.

James Haldane writes On Christian Union

James Haldane published the second volume of "The Doctrine of the Atonement, with Strictures on the recent Publications of Drs. Wardlaw and Jenkyn." With an appendix on Strictures on Dr. Payne's Lectures on the same subject. (c.17, p.645)

James Haldane publishes an Exposition of the Epistle to the Galatians. (c.17, p.660)

14 July 1848
James Haldane becomes and octogenarian, entering his 81st year. (c.18, p.669)

Summer 1848
James Haldane took a house in the parish of Tranent. (c.18, p.673)

27 December 1848
Death of Major John Gordan, James Haldane's grand-nephew. He was the eldest son of Mrs. Haldane Gordon. He died at the storming of Mooltan, in India. (c.18, p.673)

29 September 1849
Mr. Haldane Gordon died. She was buried in the church yard at Blendworth, in Hampshire. (c.18, p.674-675)

Rev. W. Swan, speaking of the Scottish Congregational Union, said that in 1849 there were 100 churches of the Independent movement in existence, comprising of a membership of 8000 to 9000 members. (c.16, p.376-377).

3 February 1849
James Haldane completes his 50th year of pastoral work. Preaches a meeting the following April, called his Jubilee Meeting. (c.18, p.676)

James Haldane writes Intimate Relation and essential Difference between Judaism and Christianity

8 February 1851
James Haldane breathes his last. Funeral follows on the 14th of February. Buried in Greirfrier's church yard behind church building.

Published - THE LIVES OF ROBERT HALDANE OF AIRTHREY, AND OF HIS BROTHER, JAMES ALEXANDER HALDANE. BY ALEXANDER HALDANE, ESQ., 3rd Edition, c. 1853, London: Hamilton, Adams, & Co., Paternoster-Row; and W. Whyte and Co., Edinburgh, printers

Source: The Lives Of Robert Haldane of Airthrey, and Of His Brother, James Alexander Haldane, Esq., by Alexander Haldane, first printed in 1852

Produced by Scott Harp


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